Our accomplishments in patient care (firsts) for Charlotte and the Mid-Western Art of North Carolina:

1946   Pulmonary and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy

1947   Surgical treatment of infectious lung disease

1948   Surgical treatment of lung cancer and inflammatory disease of the esophagus

1949   Surgical treatment of esophageal cancer

1950   Contrast studies (angiograms) for aneurysms of the abdominal aorta. Purchase of the first respirator.

1951   Contrast studies (angiograms) for peripheral artery disease. First resection of aortic aneurysm.

1952   First operation (endarterectomy) for peripheral arterial disease. Ligation of patent duct.

1953   Surgical management of mitral stenosis

1954   Manufacture and first application of synthetic arteries

1955   Establishment of a separate department of thoracic surgery

1956   Building of the heart/lung machine. Closed operations for congenital heart disease

1957   Establishment of heart catheterization laboratory. First open heart operation for congenital heart disease.

1959   Cava pulmonary anastomosis for corrected transposition. Surgery on complex congenital malformations

1960   First heart valve heart replacements

1961   Establishment of kidney dialysis service

1963   Usage of external pacemakers

1967   Implantation of first pacemaker

1970   Coronary cineangiography

1971   First coronary bypass operation

1974   First kidney transplant. Initiation of heart surgery in Honduras.

1975  Initiation of heart surgery in Guatemala

1975   Heineman doctors and technicians went to Guatemala City to help set up the Heart Unit at Roosevelt Hospital.

1976   Opening of the diagnostic electrophysiological laboratory

1981   Coronary angioplasty

1982   Peripheral artery angioplasty. Establishment of arrhythmia surgery service

1983   Endovascular laser

1987   Heart transplantation. Laser ablation of arrhythmia. Neonatal cardiac surgery. Cardiac valvuloplasty.

1988   Extracorporal oxygenation in the newborn.

1989   Coronary atherectomy.

1990   Neonatal heart transplantation

1992   Peripheral atherectomy

1993   Intracoronary laser

1994   Rotoblator. Coronary stents

1995   Peripheral artery stents. Implantable artificial heart

1996   New protective methods for accidental HIV and hepatitis exposure

1997   Advances in instrumentation for least invasive Cardiac Surgery

1998   Advances in Heart Preservation

1999   New Valve repairing procedures with a new aortic prosthesis

2000   New surgical applications for Angiogenesis